Belarus is a ex-USSR country that gained independence in 1991.
Alexander Lukashenko was elected President of the Republic of Belarus in 1994. He bases his policies on nostalgia for the communist regime. Unlike other countries that were once part of the USSR, Russian influence is still very present in Belarus. Russian is one of the official languages.
The flag that was introduced in 1991 when Belarus became independent (white and red) was replaced again in 1995 by the old flag of the Soviet Socialist Republic at the initiative of the Lukashenko government, which wanted to get closer to Russia.
Belarus has kept a welfare state system (free health and education…), which has allowed the country to have less inequalities than its Russian neighbor.
Lukashenko is seen as the last dictator in Europe: Belarus is the only European country to practice the death penalty and opponents of the regime have disappeared several times (presumably murdered by the government).
Lukashenko has been re-elected 5 times. His last re-election in 2020 with 80% of the votes gave rise to an uprising.